Daniels supply chain expert looks ahead to the food and grocery supply
Businesses that rely on the holiday shopping season to buoy their bottom lines have their work cut out for them this year. The COVID-19 pandemic threatens to inject uncertainty into an already unsteady year for the private sector.
Before shoppers make a dash for holiday meals and deals, the DU Newsroom asked Jack Buffington, program director and assistant professor for supply chain management at the Daniels College of Business and University College, what the season has in store.
What challenges does the supply chain face in “ordinary” (non-pandemic) years? What obstacles has COVID introduced?
In both ordinary and COVID years, the holiday season is about matching supply and demand through the season’s forecast and execution. That’s in terms of production, logistics, distribution and retailing.
In ordinary times, supply chains deal with slight deviations to the forecast in either supply or demand, depending on the item, and likely it is more demand than supply. This year, in the COVID world, there is significant volatility in both supply and demand, making the entire model very difficult to manage and run.
How will the food supply and online grocery shopping be affected this year?
Beyond minor blips in supply for certain items, there shouldn’t be a significant impact. Manufacturers, retailers and distributors have adjusted for the volatility that started in March by carrying more inventory, meaning fewer stock outs, but higher prices due to carrying costs.
How will holiday shopping be affected?
Kind of the same as the grocery supply, with one exception: Quite a few retailers are struggling to stay in business, and they usually rely on the holiday season to make a profit (i.e., Black Friday). You can bet that they will have enough inventory to make any sale possible, but might carry a smaller variety of items to reduce costs while trying to do so. As you’ve noticed, retailers have moved the selling season forward so they, rather than their rivals, get your holiday dollars.
How can consumers best prepare for this holiday season?
For food and grocery items, relax and don’t panic about stores running out of stock. Don’t hoard, as this becomes a waste of money and leads to a demand panic if too many people do it. For presents, take your time in purchasing, as retailers will offer bigger sales if and when they miss their sales targets.